Codifying and consolidating acts

As to potentially more serious diseases the government felt it is appropriate to criminalize the deliberate transmission of a disease causing serious illness.

However, the government maintains that the existing law requires no significant change. For example, if there is a justifiable need to have separate offences dealing with intentional and reckless serious harm why should this not also be necessary for cases of non-serious harm?

In law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject, forming a legal code, i.e. Codification is the defining feature of civil law jurisdictions.

Ancient Sumer's Code of Ur-Nammu was compiled circa 1230-2050 BC, and is the earliest known surviving civil code.

A consolidating statute re-enacts and repeals particular legal subject matter which was previously contained in several different statutes.

Its purpose is to state the combined effect of different statutes and so simplify the presentation of the law.

The total number of EU legal acts is still increasing. consolidates them - by adding any amendments into the text of what is being amended.

It often happens that the separation of different documents containing a principal law and possibly several later amendments to it makes it impossible for the non-professional to understand the actual legal situation. In February 2003, the Commission decided to reduce the existing 100,000 or so pages of EU law in the Official Journal by 35,000 by 2005.

For example, the Michigan Supreme Court ruled in 1994 that Dr. The first known codification of laws is attributed to Ur-Nammu, king of Ur, in the twenty-fifth century Both Lipit-Ishtar and Hammurabi announced in the prologues of their respective codes that these compilations established justice.No change in meaning should be attributed unless this was intended.Lord Mansfield has observed that: “Statues in parimateria are to be all taken as one system to suppress the mischief..... Again there is parliamentary recognition of a single subject matter. Acts having short titles that the identical (apart from the calendar year). Other Acts which deal with the same subject matter on the same lines.This formed the basis of the Chinese criminal code, which was then replaced by the Great Qing Legal Code, which was in turn abolished in 1912 following the Xinhai Revolution and the establishment of the Republic of China.The new laws of the Republic of China were inspired by the German codified work, the Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch.

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Three centuries later, the Babylonian king Hammurabi enacted the set of laws named after him.

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